Legends of the Gods

Ancient Egyptian Gods - Ra the Sky God

The Egyptians believed that at one time all the great gods and goddesses lived upon earth, and that they ruled Egypt in much the same way as the Pharaohs with whom they were more or less acquainted.

They went about among men and took a real personal interest in their affairs, and, according to tradition, they spared no pains in promoting their wishes and well-being.

Their rule was on the whole beneficent, chiefly because in addition to their divine attributes they possessed natures, and apparently bodily constitutions that were similar to those of men.

Like men also they were supposed to feel emotions and passions, and to be liable to the accidents that befell men, and to grow old, and even to die.

The greatest of all the gods was Râ, and he reigned over Egypt for very many years. His reign was marked by justice and righteousness, and he was in all periods of Egyptian history regarded as the type of what a king should be.

When men instead of gods reigned over Egypt they all delighted to call themselves sons of Râ, and every king believed that Râ was his true father, and regarded his mother's husband as his father only in name.

This belief was always common in Egypt, and even Alexander the Great found it expedient to adopt it, for he made a journey to the sanctuary of Amen (Ammon) in the Oasis of Sîwâh in order to be officially acknowledged by the god. Having obtained this recognition, he became the rightful lord of Egypt.

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