Literature

In the Life of Ancient Egypt

libraries - The Story of Sinuhe - Fiction - Love Poems - History

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The Story of Sinuhe

The Story of Sinuhe


Ancient Egyptian literature comprises texts written in the Egyptian language during the pharaonic period of Egypt.

Writing first appeared in association with kingship on labels and tags for items found in royal tombs. By the Old Kingdom, this tradition of writing had evolved into the tomb autobiography, such as those of Harkhuf and Weni.

The genre known as Sebayt (Instructions) was developed to communicate teachings and guidance from famous nobles; the Ipuwer papyrus, a poem of lamentations describing natural disasters and social upheaval, is an extreme example of such an instruction.

During the First Intermediate Period and the Middle Kingdom, the prose style of literature matured, with The Story of Sinuhe perhaps being the classic of Egyptian literature.

Also written at this time was the Westcar Papyrus, a set of stories told to Khufu by his sons relating the marvels performed by priests.

Towards the end of the New Kingdom, the Story of Wenamun was written.

It tells the story of a noble who is robbed on his way to buy cedar from Lebanon and of his struggle to return to Egypt; the text also shows the end of united Egypt and the start of the tumultuous Third Intermediate Period.



libraries - The Story of Sinuhe - Fiction - Love Poems - History


Texts and Libraries & The Egyptian Sinbad
A great official of the Fourth Dynasty is called on his tomb "Scribe" of the House of Books, we cannot tell whether this primeval library was a repository of literature, or only a dusty storehouse of public records and documents.

The Adventures of Sinuhe
Another tale recounts the adventures of Sinuhe, a public official who flees from Egypt at the death of Amenemhet I, wanders from country to country of the Near East, and, despite prosperity and honors there, suffers unbearably from lonesomeness for his native land.

Short Stories and Fiction
There are marvelous tales of ghosts, miracles, and other fascinating concoctions, as credible as the detective stories that satisfy modern statesmen;

An Amorous Fragment,Love Poems, History, A Literary Revolution
The early literature of the Egyptians is largely religious; and the oldest Egyptian poems are the hymns of the Pyramid Texts.


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