Queen Hatshepsut of Egypt

Ancient Egypt History

Perhaps the invasion of the Middle Kingdom had brought another rejuvenation by the infusion of fresh blood; but at the same time the new age marked the beginning of a thousand-year struggle betwen Egypt and Western Asia.

Hatshepsut Beard

Queen Hatshepsut of Egypt with Beard

Thutmose I not only consolidated the power of the new empire, but on the ground that western Asia must be controlled to prevent further interruptions, invaded Syria, subjugated it from the coast to Carchemish, put it under guard and tribute, and returned to Thebes laden with spoils and the glory that always comes from the killing of men.

At the end of his thirty years reign he raised his daughter Queen Hatshepsut of Egypt to partnership with him on the throne.

For a time her husband and step brother ruled as Thutmose II, and dying, named as his successor Thutmose III, son of Thutmose I by a concubine.

But Queen Hatshepsut of Egypt set this high destined youngster aside, assumed full royal powers, and proved herself a king in everything but gender.

Even this exception was not conceded by her.

Since sacred tradition required that every Egyptian ruler should be a son of the great god Amon, Queen Hatshepsut of Egypt arranged to be made at once male and divine.

A biography was invented for her by which Amon had descended upon Hatshepsut's mother Ahmasi in a flood of perfume and light;

his attentions had been gratefully received; and on his departure he had announced that Ahmasi would give birth to a daughter in whom all the valor and strength of the god would be made manifest on earth.

To satisfy the prejudices of her people, and perhaps the secret desire of her heart, the great Queen had herself represented on the monuments as a bearded and breastless warrior; and though the inscriptions referred to her with the feminine pronoun, they did not hesitate to speak of her as "Son of the Sun" and "Lord of the Two Lands."

Find of the Century' for Egyptology - Read More Here
Egyptologists say they have identified the 3,000-year-old mummy of Hatshepsut, Egypt's most famous female ruler.

When she appeared in public she dressed in male garb, and wore a beard

Queen Hatshepsute

When she appeared in public she dressed in male garb, and wore a beard.

She had a right to determine her own sex, for she became one of the most successful and beneficent of Egypt's many rulers. She maintained internal order without undue tyranny, and external peace without loss.

She organized a great expedition to Punt (presumably the eastern coast of Africa), giving new markets to her merchants and new delicacies to her oeonle. She helned to beautify Karnak. raised there two maiestic obelisks.

Queen Hatshepsut of Egypt built at Der-el-Bahri the stately temple which her father had designed, and repaired some of the damage that had been done to older temples by the Hyksos kings.

"I have restored that which was in ruins," one of her proud inscriptions tells us; "I have raised up that which was unfinished since the Asiatics were in the midst of the Northland, overthrowing that which had been made."

Finally Queen Hatshepsut of Egypt built for herself a secret and ornate tornb among the sand-swept mountains on the western side of the Nile, in what came to be called "The Valley of the Kings' Tombs";

Queen Hatshepsut of Egypt succes sors followed her example, until some sixty royal sepulchres had been cut into the hills, and the city of the dead began to rival living Thebes in population.

The "West End" in Egyptian cities was the abode of dead aristocrats; to "go west" meant to die.

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